Blue Flower

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Fatwa:

 All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  is His slave and Messenger.

Different scholars  tried to determine the Names of Allah which are mentioned in the Quran and the Sunnah . For instance, Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen  stated 99 names which he extracted from the Quran and the Sunnah , and they are as follows:

The-Attributes-Sifat-of-Allah-1The Attributes (Sifāt) of Allāh: His Attributes are Dhātiyyah or Fi’liyyah or both.

Definitions: Sifāt: Attributes of Allah. Dhāt: The Self of Allah.

The categorisation of the Attributes of Allah is based on whether the Attributes are intrinsically bound to the Self (or Dhāt) of Allah or not bound intrinsically to the Self of Allah. So according to this, the Attributes are divided into three categories:

  1. Attributes ascribed to His Self (Sifāt Dhātiyyah).
  2. Attributes ascribed to His Actions (Sifāt Fi’liyyah).
  3. Attributes ascribed to both His Self and His Actions (Sifāt Dhātiyyah Fi’liyyah)

Ism1

 

-1.   اللَّهُلَاإِلَـٰهَإِلَّاهُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ لَّهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ مَن ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِندَهُ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلَّا بِمَا شَاءَ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَلَا  يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا وَهُوَ  الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ ﴿البقرة: ٢٥٥﴾‏

Allah - there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.

 

 

Ibn al-Qayyim wrote, “The key to the daʿwah of the Messengers and the essence of their Message, is knowing Allah through His Names, His Attributes, and His Actions. This is the foundation on which the rest of the Message, from beginning to end, is based upon.”

Allah said, “To Allah Alone belong the most Beautiful Names, so call on Him by them.” (7:180)

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Indeed Allah has 99 Names; whoever preserves them will enter Paradise.” (Muslim)

Preserving them includes:

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In Surah Al-A’raf Ayah 180 Allah says:

وَلِلَّهِ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَىٰ فَادْعُوهُ بِهَا ۖ وَذَرُوا الَّذِينَ يُلْحِدُونَ فِي أَسْمَائِهِ ۚ سَيُجْزَوْنَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ ‎﴿١٨٠﴾

“And to Allah belong the best names, so invoke Him by them. And leave [the company of] those who practice deviation concerning His names. They will be recompensed for what they have been doing.”

Hadith from Al-Bukhari #7392 which Abu Huraira Reports the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) as saying,

“Allah has ninety-nine Names, one-hundred less one; and he who memorized them all by heart will enter Paradise.” 

Below we put together a complete guide to learning the meaning and benefits of the 99 names of Allah. We also try to provide references to Qur’an verses and hadith which further exemplify these names.